Travels in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru




What travel documents are mandatory for your journey in Peru, which climate and health precautions you have to count with, what to keep in mind with regard to safety, which currency you have to deal with, etc., you will read it here.

Brief introduction

Peru is situated at the western side of the continent and counts with a little more than 30 millions de inhabitants. About 45% is pure Indian descendant, 37% has a mestieze background and about 10% white population. From west to east, three areas can be distinguished: the coast, the mountains and the jungle.

Best travel time

The weather in Peru varies according to area – the changes in altitude are so extreme that the climate goes from freezing snow in the mountains to boiling sun on the coast. Likewise, the coast covers such a large stretch of longitude that the temperature changes dramatically as you head further south.

On the coast winter lasts from June to September. The weather tends to be overcast and slightly damp at this time, but rarely very cold. It hardly ever rains in Lima nor most of the coast, except for Tumbes and Piura, which have tropical climates.

During June to September, the mountainous areas are often sunny during the day but cold at night. This is high tourist season and the best time to visit most regions. Rainy season in the Andes starts in September and peaks between January and march, and this is a dreadful and occasionally dangerous time to be hiking.

Heavy rains in the mountains and jungle last from December to April. It is rainy and hot for most of the year, but between march and september there are occasional cold surges which might require a jumper.

Travel documents

Check passport- and visa regulations with the embassy of the visiting country in your country. You are responsible to carry the right documents with the right expiration dates. Be aware that rules can change. You should note that for most nationalities the passport on leaving the visited country must have a validity of 6 months.

Time in Peru

Peru is - 5 hours GMT and does not count with summer- and wintertime. 


The Peruvian currency is the sol. Bring a debit- and credit card and some cash money in US dollar of Euro. Be sure the international blockade for your debit card is cancelled. Some ATM charge commission. Bring the emergency phone numbers of your cards. In the remote areas of Peru there is a shortage of spare change. Collect it.

Healthy travelling

Take the medications you use at home and you need during your journey. Not all medications can be bought in south America. If you carry a lot of medicine, you better carry a doctor's certificate. Visit before travelling a doctor to see if you need vaccinations or prophylaxis. We advise to drink bottled water. Tap water can cause severe stomach problems. Eat food which is well cooked, better avoid red meat, salads washed in tap water, etc.

Altitude sickness

Traveling on high altitude can cause altitude sickness. Signs and symptoms that may indicate altitude sickness are headache, insomnia, nausea, lethargy and unusual fatigue. Usually these symptoms disappear within days. If the symptoms persist, you should consult a doctor and descend. To prevent altitude sickness, please contact your doctor to discuss the use of a prophylaxis. Show respect for altitude and altitude sickness, if symptoms are ignored, it can be deadly.


It is highly recommendable to take out a travel insurance in combination with your public health insurance. The first is important in case of theft, and in combination with a public health insurance in case of accident and illness and can save you a lot of problems. Go Beyond Horizons cannot be held responsible for any problems caused by lack of such insurance.


Peru has an exciting cuisine which is gaining fame at world level. Try a ceviche, the in lemon juice marinated fresh fish/seafood. Go for a causa, a mashed potato tart with some inspiring filling, Order a lomo saltado, strips of beef in a tomato/onion sauce. Let all this be preceded by a pisco sour.

Language and culture

Peru speaks Spanish. The Indian population speaks several Indian languages. The two main Indian groups are Quechua and Aymara. About 45% of the population is entirely Indian descent. 40% is mestizo.


Take care of your belongings. There is a lot of quick pickpocket and bag snatching in the in the big cities. Lima, Arequipa and Cuzco are disreputable for its great variety of scam. Someone smear a dirty gunk on you, another tries to clean it up. Don`t let him, he belongs to the scam and tries to rob you. Take 3 steps back and gane time thinking what to do. Be aware of fake police. Don´t use street taxies in Lima, Arequipa and Cuzco. Leave your valuables in the safe at your hotel. Take with you only what you really need. Don`t hang bags on back rests. Keep your belongings close to you. Be careful in trafic. Move streetwise. Avoid unnecessary theft.